What Causes Cataracts?

The lens of the eye permits light to pass through to the retina, allowing us to see and focus. Consisting of mostly protein and water, the lenses can become clouded as we age due to clumping proteins called cataracts. Over time, cataracts can grow larger and significantly impair our vision.

While there is no one discernible cause for the clumping of these proteins, eye doctors do agree that there are many factors associated with the development of cataracts, including:

  • Exposure to UV rays
  • Smoking
  • High volumes of alcohol consumption
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Eye injury
  • Eye surgery
  • Use of certain medications
  • Hormone replacement therapy
  • Genetics

Although there is no known way to prevent cataracts, recent studies suggest there are some cautionary measures you can take. Vitamin C, vitamin E, antioxidants, lutein, and zeaxanthin may all reduce risk or slow the development of cataracts. Frequent use of UV-blocking eyewear can also help protect your overall eye health.

For more information about risks and treatment of cataract, please contact our office today and schedule a consultation with one of our eye specialists.

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(301) 215-7100

Our locations

Plaza North
4600 North Park Ave.
Chevy Chase, MD 20815
Chevy Chase Metro Building at Wisconsin and Western Avenues
2 Wisconsin Circle, Suite 230
Chevy Chase, MD 20815
8230 Boone Blvd, Suite 125
Vienna, VA 22182
5420 Olney Laytonsville Road
Olney, MD 20832
1016 16th Street NW
Lower Level 100
Washington, DC 20036
1145 19th St NW
Suite 335
Washington, DC 20036

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