What Is the Difference Between Presbyopia and Hyperopia?
Presbyopia and hyperopia are extremely common refractive errors that prevent people from seeing close-up objects clearly. Both conditions tend to develop as people get older and can make everyday tasks, such as driving and reading, difficult. Although presbyopia and hyperopia are very similar in nature, they can be distinguished by their cause, which ultimately determines the best treatment options for improving a person’s vision.
Presbyopia is an age-related condition that occurs when the lens inside the eye begins to harden and can no longer focus properly. This typically begins to develop in the mid-40s, though it eventually will happen to everyone. Since people with presbyopia cannot see nearby objects clearly, they tend to hold objects farther away to be able to focus better. This creates the need for bifocals or reading glasses. In addition to prescription eyewear, the doctors at EDOW also offer long-term treatment for presbyopia. This includes Monovision LASIK in younger patients who have not yet developed cataracts as well as mulitfocal introacular lenses (IOLs) for older patients who have begun suffering from cataracts.
Hyperopia, more commonly known as farsightedness, can be secondary to an abnormality of the lens or cornea. People with this condition can typically see distant objects clearly but struggle with focusing up-close. Just like presbyopia, hyperopia tends to develop over time as people age, though it can be inherited and occur in babies or young children. The condition can also progress to the point where both close and distant objects are blurry. Hyperopia is usually treated with corrective eyewear, such as glasses or contact lenses. EDOW also offers more permanent treatment options, including LASIK, PRK, and Refractive Lens Exchange (RLE).
The specific refractive error from which a patient is suffering can be diagnosed during a routine exam. Once this has been established, the most appropriate treatment options can be discussed to find the ideal solution for an individual’s lifestyle and preference. To learn more about presbyopia and hyperopia, please contact us today to schedule an appointment.